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Building peace in the minds of men and women

World Press Freedom Day

3 May

Every year, 3 May is a date which celebrates the fundamental principles of press freedom, to evaluate press freedom around the world, to defend the media from attacks on their independence and to pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in the exercise of their profession. World Press Freedom Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1993 following a Recommendation adopted at the twenty-sixth session of UNESCO's General Conference in 1991. This in turn was a response to a call by African journalists who in 1991 produced the landmark Windhoek Declaration on media pluralism and independence.

At the core of UNESCO's mandate is freedom of the press and freedom of expression. UNESCO believes that these freedoms allow for mutual understanding to build a sustainable peace.

It serves as an occasion to inform citizens of violations of press freedom - a reminder that in dozens of countries around the world, publications are censored, fined, suspended and closed down, while journalists, editors and publishers are harassed, attacked, detained and even murdered.

It is a date to encourage and develop initiatives in favour of press freedom, and to assess the state of press freedom worldwide.

3 May acts as a reminder to governments of the need to respect their commitment to press freedom and is also a day of reflection among media professionals about issues of press freedom and professional ethics. Just as importantly, World Press Freedom Day is a day of support for media which are targets for the restraint, or abolition, of press freedom. It is also a day of remembrance for those journalists who lost their lives in the pursuit of a story.

Message from the Director-General

"Press freedom is the cornerstone of democratic societies. All States, all nations, are strengthened by information, debate and the exchange of opinions. At a time of growing discourse of mistrust and delegitimization of the press and journalism, it is essential that we guarantee freedom of opinion through the free exchange of ideas and information based on factual truths. The theme of this 26th celebration is “media for democracy: journalism and elections in times of disinformation”."

— Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of World Press Freedom Day

Download the complete message : 

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Message by United Nations Secretary-General

— António Guterres, United Nations Secretary-General
on the occasion of World Press Freedom Day



Read the Addis Ababa Declaration, adopted on May 3 by WPFD 2019 conference's participants

The 26th celebration of World Press Freedom Day was jointly organized by UNESCO, the African Union Commission and the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. The main event took place in Addis Ababa, on 1 – 3 May at the African Union Headquarters. This year's theme “Media for Democracy: Journalism and Elections in Times of Disinformation”  discussed current challenges faced by media in elections, along with the media’s potential in supporting peace and reconciliation processes.

As the United Nations agency with a specific mandate to promote “the free flow of ideas by word and image”, UNESCO works to foster a free, independent and pluralistic media and the safety of journalists. 


World Press Freedom Day 2019 - Quick facts

  • 2,000 Participants from 100 countries
  • 167 Speakers
  • 60 Partners
  • 200 Participants at the Academic Conference on Safety of Journalists
  • 4 Exhibitions including World Press Photo 2019 exhibition and a concert with "EthioJazz" founder Mulatu Astatke
  • 26 international press cartoonists participating in sessions a drawing a collective “live mural”
  • 50 Young international and Ethiopian reporters as the Youth Newsroom
  • 100 other World Press Freedom Day events around the world - see some of them here

Read more in the Final Report