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UNESCO Social and Human Sciences
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MOST Clearing House Linguistic Rights





UNESCO MOST Policy on Linguistic Rights


International Legal Instruments


Major Non-Governmental Documents


National Constitutions





This bibliography is intended to provide further information on linguistic rights in international human rights law and in national constitutions as well as policy analyses informed by social science. 
  1. Linguistic Rights in International Human Rights Law 
  2. Linguistic Rights in National Constitutions 
  3. Examples of Multicultural Language Policies 
  4. Key Sources on Language Diversity
  5. MOST Journal on Multicultural Societies 

1. Linguistic Rights in International Human Rights Law 

De Varennes, Fernand 1996. Language, Minorities and Human Rights. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Martinus Nijhoff. 

De Varennes, Fernand 1997. To Speak or Not To Speak. The Rights of Persons Belonging to Linguistic Minorities (Working Paper prepared for the UN Sub-Committee). Pert/Australia: Murdoch University. (available in Word format) 

Eide, Asbjorn; Catarina Krause and Allan Rosas 1995. Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. A Textbook. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. 

Hannum, Hurst 1993. Documents on Autonomy and Minority Rights. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Marticus Nijhoff Publishers. 

Rupesinghe, Kumar 1988. Ethnic Conflict and Human Rights. Tokyo: United Nations University. 

Sicilianos, Linos-Alexandre (ed.) 1995. Nouvelles Formes de Discrimination/New Forms of Discrimination. (Publications de la Fondation Marangopoulos pour les droits de l'hommes (FMDH) Série nº 2). Paris: Éditions A Pedone/UNESCO. 

Tove Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove and Robert Phillipson (ed.) 1994. Linguistic Human Rights. Overcoming Linguistic Discrimination (Contributions to the Sociology of Languages, No. 67). Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 

2. Linguistic Rights in National Constitutions 

Delgrange, Xavier 1995. "Le fédéralisme belge: la protection des minorités linguistiques et idéologiques", in: Revue du Droit Public et de la Science Politique en France et à l'Etranger 1156-1191. 

De Witte, Bruno 1990. "The position of linguistic minorities in Italy (1973-1988)", in: Plural Societies XXI: 51-65. 

Giordan, Henri (ed.) 1992. Les Minorités en Europe. Droits Linguistiques et Droits de l'Homme. Paris: Éditions Kimé. 

Mullerson, Rein 1993. "Minorities in Eastern Europe and the Former USSR: Problems, Tendencies and Protection", in: The Modern Law Review 56 (6). 

Vilfan, Sergij (ed.) 1993. Ethnic Groups and Language Rights. (Comparative Studies on Governments and Non-Dominant Ethnic Groups in Europe, 1850-1940. Volume III). Dartmouth: European Science Foundation/New York University Press. 

3. Examples of Multicultural Language Policy 

Bourhis, Richard Y. 1994. "Ethnic and Language Attitudes in Quebec", 322-358 in: Richard Y. Bourhis (Ed.) Ethnicity and Culture in Canada: The Research Landscape. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 

Coulmas, Florian 1991 (ed.). A Language Policy for the European Community. Prospects and Quandaries (Contributions to the Sociology of Language 61). Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 

De Varenne, Fernand 1996. Language Conflicts in Eastern European and Central Asian States: 
Preliminary Report on Early Warning & Resolution Mechanisms. den Haag, Netherlands: Foundation on Inter-Ethnic Relations. 

Dutcher, Nadine. 2001. Expanding Educational Opportunity in Linguistically Diverse Societies. Washington DC: Center for Applied Linguistics. Further information available at: http://www.cal.org/pubs/ford/eeolds.html

Edwards, John 1984 (ed.) Linguistic Minorities, Policies and Pluralism (Applied Language Studies). London et al.: Academic Press 

Edwards, John 1994. Multilingualism. London & New York: Routledge. 

Ingles, Christine 1996. Multiculturalism: New Policy Responses to Diversity. (MOST Policy Papers, No. 4). Paris: UNESCO. 

Jahr, Ernst Hakon (ed.) 1993. Language Conflict and Language Planning (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs 72). Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Koenig, Matthias 1999. Democratic Governance in Multicultural Societies (MOST Discussion Paper). Paris: UNESCO.

Mackey, William F. 1991. "Language Diversity, Language Policy and the Sovereign State": Journal of the History of European Ideas, vol. 13 (1/2): 51-62. 

Mansour, Gerda 1993. Multilingualism & Nation-Building (Multilingual Matters, No. 91). Clevedon, Phil.: Multilingual Matters Ltd. 

Marshall, David F. (ed.) 1991. Language Planning (Focusschrift in honor of Joshua A. Fishman on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday ). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. 

Ozolinis, Uldis 1993. The Politics of Language in Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

Tucker, G. Richard 1997. The Use of First and Second Languages in Education: A Review of educational Experience. Washington DC: World Bank.
 4. Key Sources on Language Diversity

Grimes, Barbara F. (ed.) 2001. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Vol. 1, 14th edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Further information available at: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_product.asp?isbn=1556711034

UNESCO. 1995. Our Creative Diversity: Report of the World Commission on Culture and Development. Paris: UNESCO publishing. Further information available at:

Wurm, Stephen A.(ed.) 2001. Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger of Disappearing. Paris: UNESCO publishing. Further information available at: http://upo.unesco.org/bookdetails.asp?id=1352

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