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Assessment of media development in Jordan

Based on UNESCO's Media Development Indicators

The report on Media Development in Jordan was carried out in 2015 as part of the Support to Media in Jordan Project, funded by the European Union (EU). The MDI assessment in Jordan was complemented by a comparative analysis of better public service media (PSM) practices in selected European countries and the contemporary practice in Jordan. Together, the MDI assessment and the comparative PSM analysis are intended to form the basis for a review of the government’s Action Plan for the Media Strategy that could lead to the development of a revised Action Plan to be agreed upon by the relevant national stakeholders.

The study was carried out by a team of four national researchers and an international expert between January and June 2015, under the guidance of UNESCO and NGO International Media Support. In line with the methodology used for all MDI-based assessments, the study in Jordan relied heavily on multi-stakeholder consultations and followed a process that was inclusive and gender-sensitive. The consultation process included:

  • 10 focus group discussions on specific thematic areas such as the legal and policy framework, refugees, gender and community media;
  • Eight UNESCO-facilitated national consultations in Ajloun, Jordan Valley, Karak, Maan, Madaba, Mafraq, Tafileh and Zarqa;
  • Four thematic workshops and a thematic roundtable focusing on public service broadcasting, training and education, self-regulation, local radio and Media and Information Literacy;
  • Over 30 individual interviews;
  • Input and support from a Jordanian Advisory Board of experts in media development.

In addition to the consultations, the study involved an extensive literature and legal review.



This assessment is based on UNESCO’s Media Development Indicators (MDIs), which were endorsed in 2008 by the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC). MDIs, which cover all aspects of media development, define a framework within which the media can best contribute to, and benefit from, good governance and democratic development. They are being applied in various countries worldwide to identify their specific needs in view of guiding the formulation of media-related policies and improving the targeting of media development efforts.

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