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Key resources

YKP Technical Briefs

World Health Organization HIV and Young People Technical Briefs Series


UNESCO contributed to the Interagency Working Group on Key Populations to create this series of information briefs that address four young key populations. It is intended for policy-makers, donors, service-planners, service-providers and community- led organizations. The series includes the  following briefs:

HIV and young people who inject drugs
HIV and young men who have sex with men
HIV and young transgender people
HIV and young people who sell sex



Developing and education sector response to early and unintended pregnancy. Discussion document for a global consultation (copy 1)


This publication is a conference ready version discussion paper prepared by UNESCO for the global consultation on education sector responses to early and unintended pregnancy (EUP) held in Johannesburg in November 2014.

The paper describes global and regional specificities of EUP, causes behind that, and implications for the education sector, highlighting the current status of the education sector response and mentioning few examples of on-going programs and initiatives aimed at preventing EUP through Comprehensive Sexuality Education and ensuring the right to education for pregnant and parenting girls.



Comprehensive Sexuality Education: The Challenges and Opportunities of Scaling-Up

This publication is part of an ongoing programme of work initiated by UNESCO in 2008 to provide technical guidance and implementation support for sexuality education programmes, as a platform for HIV prevention, treatment and care.

It emphasizes the challenges and opportunities for scaling up comprehensive sexuality education in school settings. Building on in-depth interviews with key informants involved in past and ongoing work on sexuality education, this publication provides conceptual and practical guidance on definitions and strategies for scaling-up. Though well developed as an area of research and analysis in the health sector, there is a need to translate experience and lessons learned on scaling-up for use in the education sector. Using case studies, the publication also draws on the experience of six country examples (Finland, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania, Thailand and Uruguay) which scaled up sexuality education through different modalities illustrating good practice and pathways for successful scale-up.


Charting the Course of Education and HIV

This publication examines emerging challenges and opportunities that need to be harnessed to reach the internationally agreed targets related to HIV. It points out how education and health, two basic human rights, are intrinsically linked, as healthy learners learn better, and better educated learners have the skills to be healthy. Education develops the knowledge, values, attitudes and skills required to make informed choices and adopt healthier behaviours. 

The authors put forward a new approach for HIV education which requires, inter alia, the reframing of HIV education; rethinking teacher training and support; improving implementation; strengthening the links with school health programmes; adaptation to an evolving epidemic; and meeting the increasing demand by young people and their parents for comprehensive sexuality education.

English, French

For further information click here



Measuring the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS. Handbook – Supporting country-level data collection for core indicators.

Based on the publication Measuring the education sector response to HIV and AIDS: Guidelines for the construction and use of core indicators, this document provides Ministries of Education with practical guidelines for strengthening data collection instruments to produce the core indicators for which data are collected through the education sector.

Specifically, it recommends the methodology with field tested examples on how to integrate the core indicators in the annual school census and school-based surveys.


English, French




Measuring the education sector response to HIV and AIDS. Guidelines for the construction and use of core indicators.

This publication aims to provide Ministries of Education and other education stakeholders involved in country responses to HIV and AIDS with clear guidelines on the construction and use of 15 core indicators to measure the education sector response to HIV and AIDS. The guidelines were endorsed by the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education in February 2013 after extensive national, regional and international consultations and a rigorous field test of the new indicators through 2009-2012.

Readers will find detailed information about reasons for using each of the indicators; methods for collecting the data and measuring it; and guidance for interpreting the data, including how to analyse data from various indicators and draw conclusions in terms of potential changes in policies and programmes in the education sector.

English, French


Positive Learning: Meeting the needs of young people living with HIV (YPLHIV) in the education sector

Young people living with HIV are experiencing stigma, discrimination and challenges in balancing their health and treatment needs with their education attendance.

GNP+ and UNESCO collaborated to identify and document the needs of learners living with HIV and develop a set of recommendations for action. The recommendations are simple, practical and feasible, and are intended to give guidance to educators, policy- and decision-makers as well as activists and professionals working with young people to enable YPLHIV to realise their personal, social and educational potential.

English, French


UNESCO's Strategy for HIV and AIDS

The strategy for HIV and AIDS articulates UNESCO’s contribution to the UNAIDS objectives outlined in the strategy Getting to Zero, and calls for the need to accelerate universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. It acknowledges that the global AIDS epidemic is changing; treatment is helping people live longer and healthier lives with HIV, and now is the time for context-specific, targeted approaches based on evidence and good practice.

English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Chinese, Portuguese 


UNESCO's short guide to the essential characteristics of effective HIV prevention

This short guide aims to increase understanding of the characteristics of efficient and effective HIV and AIDS responses. It is designed to explain in a user-friendly and accessible format what these characteristics mean in practice, and how they can be applied, integrated and institutionalised into HIV and AIDS planning and programme processes.

As a quick reference guide, users can find out about the key characteristics of a specific approach, check on definitions, identify tools to help put the approach into practice, and access additional reference material for further exploration.

English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Chinese, Portuguese


International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education - An evidence-informed approach for schools, teachers and health educators. Including: Volume I The rationale for sexuality education, and Volume II Topics and learning objectives

The publications are based on a rigorous review of evidence on sexuality education programmes and are aimed at education and health sector decision-makers and professionals.

Volume I focuses on the rationale for sexuality education and provides sound technical advice on characteristics of effective programmes. A companion document (Volume II) focuses on the topics and learning objectives to be covered in a ‘basic minimum package’ on sexuality education for children and young people from 5 to 18+ years of age and includes a bibliography of useful resources.

English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Chinese, Portuguese, Thai 

It has also, in Brazil, been locally adapted. This version is available in Portuguese. Click here for further information.


Good Policy and Practice Series

These booklets are intended mainly for education sector policy-makers, planners and managers. We hope it will also be useful for school governing bodies, administrators, head teachers, teachers and other educators who are tackling some of the challenges to create healthy learning environments.


Good Policy and Practice in Health Education – Booklet 9: Puberty Education & Menstrual Hygiene Management

The booklet lays out the context and rationale for education sector involvement, the characteristics of good quality puberty education and menstrual hygiene management, as well as key issues for programme development, implementation and sustainability.

English, French


Good Policy and Practice in HIV and Health Education – Booklet 8: Education Sector Responses to Homophobic Bullying

This booklet lays out the context, extent and impact of homophobic bullying and synthesizes lessons learned as well as good policies and practices for an education sector response to homophobic bullying.


English, Chinese, French, Italian, Korean, Portuguese, Polish, Russian, Spanish

More information in Russian here


Good Policy and Practice in HIV and Health Education – Booklet 7: Gender Equality, HIV and Education

Education, HIV and gender equality are deeply inter related aspects of personal and global development. This booklet presents new thinking and emerging research alongside a series of case studies and examples of new and time-tested programmes on the issues of gender equality, HIV and education and the interrelation between them.



Booklet 6: Pre-Service Teacher Training

English, French, Portuguese

Booklet 5: Effective Learning

English, French

Booklet 4: Partnerships in Practice

English, French

Booklet 3: HIV & AIDS and Educator Development, Conduct and Support

English, French

Booklet 2: HIV & AIDS and Supportive Learning Environments

English, French

Booklet 1: Overview

English, French


EDUCAIDS Resources

For all EDUCAIDS resources please access the EDUCAIDS pages


IATT Publications

For all IATT publications please access the IATT Projects and resources page


For hard copies of UNESCO materials on HIV and AIDS please contact aids(at)unesco.org

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