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Original records of Carlos Gardel – Horacio Loriente Collection (1913-1935)

Documentary heritage submitted by Uruguay and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2003.

This collection of original records, some acoustic and some electronic, was produced between 1913 and 1935. Through the 770 pieces sung by Carlos Gardel, one can experience and appreciate the complete artistic career of the “zorzal criollo” (creole nightingale). 

The records, produced in Buenos Aires, Paris and New York, include the 29 musical genres and the different styles that made up Gardel’s repertoire. 
Thanks to its perfectly preserved state, the collection offers an excellent record of Carlos Gardel’s unique voice, with its highly unusual nuances. Gardel’s voice, in his own lifetime, bewitched people both from humble backgrounds (who felt they were portrayed in his songs and recognized him as “one of them”) and from the higher social classes who, following his successes in Paris and Barcelona and on account of the charm that radiated from him and his general manner, welcomed him into their salons and clubs, an environment as “snobbish” as they were themselves. 

Absolutely everyone who heard his concerts in Europe and in the various countries of the American continent was won over by his exceptional voice, which was different from those of other singers. 

Thanks to the sound revolution in the world of film, in which he was one of the pioneers in South America, and to the Spanish-language co-productions in France and the USA, Gardel’s image as a singer and actor spread all over the world. 

Nowadays, 60 years after his death and 90 years after his earliest recordings were made, Gardel still has many admirers. 

This constant presence, the result of various radio and television programmes – some specialized and others more general – is what constitutes the “miracle of Gardel”. 
He has always been present, a true example of global intangible cultural heritage, proven by the fact that 34,247 Internet sites (according to the Microsoft search engine) are devoted to him.

  • Year of submission: 2003
  • Year of inscription: 2003
  • Country: Uruguay
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