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UNESCO: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization


Natural Sciences

Europe & North America


  • UNESCO/A. Rossi

The Karst Biosphere Reserve, located in Slovenia, encompasses the Kocjaske Jame Regional Park and the Kocjan caves, which are a Ramsar Wetland of international importance and a World Heritage site.

The specific underground ecosystems, typical of the karst, are well known for their geomorphological, geological, and hydrological formations. In fact this site serves as a reference for karst studies worldwide. The biosphere reserve is striving to demonstrate methods of rational water-use and integrated water resources management (IWRM), as it seeks to integrate and coordinate sustainable agricultural practices with the preservation of caves and local hydrological processes, controlling surface and subsurface pollution from fertilizers and wastewater.


Therefore this site alone is active in a variety of fields such as earth sciences, freshwater management, ecosystems conservation and the preservation of natural world heritage.



- Internationally Shared Aquifers Resources Management Programme (ISARM) in the Balkans

- World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP) Danube River Basin case study More

People, Biodiversity and Ecology

- Biosphere Reserves (WNBRs)

Earth Sciences

- Triassic Time and Trans-Panthalassan Correlations (IGCP, Project 467)

- Karst Aquifers and Water Resources (IGCP, Project 513)

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