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UNESCO: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization


Natural Sciences

Europe & North America


  • © UNESCO/C.Grundsten
  • Mount Sarektjakka, in Sarek National Park, Sweden

Sweden is involved in various earth sciences research projects.

There are many different ecosystems between the north of Lapland beyond the Arctic Circle, and the much milder climate of Skåne in southern Sweden. Nature plays a very important part in Swedish culture and tradition and the right to roam across any publicly or privately owned land is protected in The Right of Public Access.


There are some 2,600 nature reserves and 13 world heritage areas of which three have high natural values in Sweden. Two Swedish biosphere reserves are listed with UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere programme, and it is involved in a project aiming to study mountain ecosystems. Below you can access the projects that are currently being implemented in the country within the framework of UNESCO’s Natural Sciences Sector.



- Hydrology for the Environment, Life and Policy programme (HELP) projects:

  • Motala Basin
  • Eman Basin

- Northern European Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data (FRIEND) More

People, Biodiversity and Ecology

- Global Change and Mountain Regions (GLOCHAMORE)

- Biosphere Reserves (WNBRs

Earth Sciences

- GIS metallogeny of Central Asia (IGCP, Project 473)

- Au-Ag-telluride-selenide deposits (IGCP, Project 486)

- The role of Holocene environmental catastrophes in human history (IGCP, Project 490)

- Quaternary Land-Ocean Interactions (IGCP, Project 495)

- Global Comparison of Volcanic-hosted Massive Sulphide Districts (IGCP, Project 502)

- Ordovician palaeogeography and palaeoclimate (IGCP, Project 503

- Marine and Non-marine Jurassic: Global correlation and major geological events (IGCP, Project 506)

- Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution (IGCP, Project 509)

- Global correlation of A-type granites and related rocks, their mineralization, and significance in lithospheric evolution  (IGCP, Project 510)

- Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences (IGCP, Project 511)

- Neoproterozoic Ice Ages (IGCP, Project 512)


Sciences Policy and Sustainable Development

- Establishing Science and Technology Parks More

Europe and North America Latin America and the Caribbean Africa Arab States Asia Pacific