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UNESCO: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization


Natural Sciences

Asia & the Pacific


  • © UNESCO/Office Beijing
  • Great Gobi Biosphere Reserve, Mongolia

The country is covered by the UNESCO Cluster Office in Beijing, China.


Mongolia's territory forms an important part of the global ecosystem in the ecological transition zone in Central Asia, where the great Siberian taiga, the Central Asian steppe, the high Altai Mountains, and the Gobi desert converge.

As it undergoes a rapid economic and social transition, its fragile ecosystems face increasing threats and challenges. There are currently five biosphere reserves listed under UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere programme (MAB) in Mongolia, and it is involved in several research projects relating to earth sciences, mountain ecosystems and Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM).


Below you can access the projects that are currently being implemented in the country within the framework of UNESCO’s Natural Sciences Sector.



- World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP) national case study More

- Asian Water and Development Information for Arid Lands – A Global Network (Asian G-WADI)


People, Biodiversity and Ecology

- Global Change and Mountain Regions (GLOCHAMORE)

- Biosphere Reserves (WNBRs)

- East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN)

- Conservation Programme for Bogdkhan Mountain Biosphere Reserve More


Earth Sciences

- GIS metallogeny of Central Asia (IGCP, Project 473)

- Structural and Tectonic Correlation across the Central Asia Orogenic Collage: Implications for Continental Growth and Intracontinental Deformation (IGCP, Project 480)

- Ordovician palaeogeography and palaeoclimate (IGCPProject 503)

- Marine and Non-marine Jurassic: Global correlation and major geological events (IGCPProject 506)

- Neoproterozoic Ice Ages (IGCP, Project 512)

- Fluvial Palaeosystems: Evolution and Mineral Deposits (IGCP, Project 514)


Basic Sciences

- The University-Industry-Science Partnership (UNISPAR) in Mongolia More


Science Policy and Sustainable Development

- Master Plan for Science and Technology Policy in Mongolia (2007-2020) More

- Science and Technology Policy Asian Network (STEPAN)


Remote Sensing

- Satellite Imagery for the Inventory and Preservation of Frozen Tombs in Altai Mountains More

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