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Illegal Drugs and Human Rights of Peasants and Indigenous Communities: The Case of Peru
Illegal Drugs and Human Rights of Peasants and Indigenous Communities: The Case of Peru Peasant and indigenous communities have been the weakest link in the drug trafficking production chain in the Andean countries, and thus it is important to investigate and understand the association between the illegal drugs industry and the violation of the human rights of these social groups. In order to advance this line of inquiry, this essay focuses first on why the illegal drugs industry establishes itself in a region or country and on the relationship between the industry and human rights violations.

Following a pattern similar to that applied to the Colombian case, the article next delves into the relationship between the illegal drugs industry and peasant and indigenous communities’ human rights in Bolivia and Peru, addressing the consequences of the illegal industry’s development, policies, and the citizenry’s reaction. In the cases of Bolivia and Peru special attention is paid to the role of the illegal industry’s development and of eradication policies in strengthening cocalero organizations, and to the political emergence of indigenous leaders associated with illicit farmers. The article then turns to relationships among the illegal industry, political corruption and human rights. In the Peruvian case the relationship between the industry and subversive movements during the 1980s is also explored.

Photo: Peru © UNESCO/S. Matteucci

Document Type MOST Policy Paper
Format application/pdf
Website (URL) http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001402/140241e.pdf
Author(s) Navarrete-Frías, Carolina; Thoumi, Francisco E.
Publisher UNESCO / MOST Programme
Publication Location Paris, France
Publication Year 2005
Volume/Issue Number 13
Number of Pages 40 p.
Series Title MOST policy papers, new series MOST-2

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