Pakistan joined UNESCO on September 14, 1949. The country is covered by the National UNESCO Office in Islamabad.
The International Safeguarding Campaign of the Moenjodaro site in Pakistan is one of many successful collaborations between Pakistan and UNESCO. The 4,500 year old city of the Indus Civilization was deteriorating mainly due to the salinity of the soil and periodic flooding by the Indus River. The campaign was launched in 1974, and ranks as one of the largest and most successful of its kind.
Another collaboration involves the UNESCO/Aga Khan Project in the Northern Pakistan mountainous region of Chitral and the Kalash Valleys, which aims to distribute the benefits of tourism among local communities, where poverty remains a significant problem.
UNESCO also cooperates with Pakistan within the E-9 Initiative, a commitment by nine high-population countries to reach the Education for All (EFA) goals. In addition, Pakistan is currently involved in a variety of science projects related to freshwater, biodiversity, earth sciences, oceans, gender issues and poverty reduction.
In 2006, the Pakistan Press Foundation (PPF) with the support of UNESCO instituted the annual Aslam Ali Press Freedom Award, recognizing notable contributions to press freedom in the country.