You are viewing an archived web page, collected at the request of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) using Archive-It. This page was captured on 17:34:30 Aug 02, 2016, and is part of the UNESCO collection. The information on this web page may be out of date. See All versions of this archived page.
Loading media information hide
See also
spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer

RSS feed

Subscribe to UIS E-mail Alerts
A -  A+
Science, technology and innovation
Une plateforme pour collecter et comparer les statistiques culturelles au niveau mondial
Cadre pour les statistiques culturelles
Measuring Diversity
Mesurer la diversité
Statistiques sur le cinema
Cinema Statistics
Framework for Cultural Statistics
Un nouveau cadre pour les statistiques culturelles
A roadmap for cultural statistics
New release of cinema data
Nouvelles données sur le cinéma
Cultural Employment
Emploi culturel
Event: Measuring the economic contribution of culture
Launch of the 2012 Cinema Survey
Lancement de l’enquête de 2012 sur les statistiques de films de long métrage
Measuring the economic contribution of cultural industries
Measuring cultural participation
Mesure de la contribution économique des industries culturelles
Feature Film Diversity
La diversité des films de long métrage
la mesure de la participation culturelle
Cinema Data Release 2013
Analyse de données sur le cinéma 2013
Pilot survey on cultural employment statistics
Enquête pilote sur les statistiques de l’emploi culturel
collecte de données sur les films de long métrage
cultural employment metadata survey
Enquête sur les métadonnées portant sur l’emploi culturel
Measuring women’s contribution to culture
Mesurer la contribution des femmes à la culture
Festival Statistics
Measuring the economic contribution of cultural industries
Mesure de la contribution économique des industries culturelles
Cinema data release 2015
La diffusion des données sur le cinéma 2015
Global report on cultural diversity
International symposium on the measurement of digital cultural products
Colloque international sur la mesure des produits culturels numériques
Cultural Goods
Biens culturels
Record number of films produced in 2013
Communication and information
About UIS
UIS Questionnaires
Document Library
Institut de statistique de l'UNESCO: UNESCO Institute for Statistics
Site Map
Site map
Statistical Capacity Building
About UIS FR
Fact Sheets
Data Centre
Visualization Gallery
RSS Feed
Page de redirection Glossaire EN
Page de reddirection Data Centre EN
Page de reddirection Data Centre FR
Conditions d'utilisation
Terms and Conditions
UNESCO Institute for Statistics data release calendar
Calendrier de diffusion des données
Interactive Data tools
Mises à jour et révisions du Centre de données de l’ISU
Updates and revisions of the UIS Data Centre
Home > Culture > Measuring women’s contribution to culture Accueil

Measuring women’s contribution to culture 


The UIS is developing innovative measures to determine the contribution of women to culture


In every society, women are guardians, creators and consumers of culture, but they still face barriers that prevent them from playing an equal role in the cultural sphere.


UNESCO’s standard-setting instruments provide a springboard for the implementation of cultural policies that promote gender equality in culture. However, there are few reliable measures to assess progress towards globally-recognised goals and aspirations.


A recent report by UNESCO, Gender Equality: Heritage and Creativity, calls for strengthening the evidence base “through regular and systematic collection and dissemination by national statistical offices of sex-disaggregated data in all areas of the cultural sector…”


Overcoming sparse data


While the availability of data on culture is improving, disaggregation by sex is rare. To bridge the gap, the UIS is taking the lead in helping policymakers adapt existing survey instruments, while developing new internationally-comparable surveys to better capture the extent of women’s role in culture, including issues related to access, participation and contribution.


The 2009 UNESCO Framework for Cultural Statistics Handbook No. 2: Measuring Cultural Participation provides useful guidelines for developing or improving survey instruments to measure private and public participation in cultural activities. For example, cultural participation surveys can measure activities such as reading at home or going to the theatre, and can offer insight into the barriers women face in the consumption or creation of cultural assets.


The UIS is also developing a cultural employment survey, based on a pilot survey  conducted in 2013. The survey will collect sex- disaggregated data to assess the size of the cultural employment sector in a country, including the share of women in cultural occupations.


What current survey tools can tell us


For the moment, the most widely- available instruments to measure the role of women in cultural employment are labour force surveys and censuses, which can be quite revealing when analysed through a gender lens.


By way of example, the UIS analysed a 2012 micro dataset drawn from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and U.S. Census data in order to shed light on gender and cultural employment in the United States.


Some findings from the UIS analysis reveal that: 

  • Almost 6% of the total workforce in the United States is employed in the field of culture.
  • Most men and women in cultural occupations have at least a university degree, but women with university degrees hold the larger share of cultural occupations compared to men. 
  • Almost 45% of employees in cultural occupations are women; a percentage that is slightly below the share of women in the total labour force.
  • Salaries tend to be low. Women and men in cultural occupations are more likely to hold a second job.
  • Cultural work tends to be precarious. One in four women employed in the culture sector are self-employed.


Cultural employment in USA

 Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2012.


These findings show that it is possible to gain insight into gender equality in the cultural sector using existing data; however, to support gender-sensitive cultural policies, more needs to be done to fill the data gap.


To that end, the upcoming survey of cultural employment, which will be launched in 2015, will improve the coverage of cultural employment data.


The survey aims to make cultural employment data internationally comparable, and eventually to provide trend data to benchmark and measure gender equality in cultural employment.


Additional resources:


Skip to main content