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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Askaniya-Nova Biosphere Reserve is a representative of the Black Sea southern-steppe biogeographic province, situated 60 km south-east of the town of Kakhova close to the Black Sea. Within this area, the Festuca and Stipa steppe ecosystem has been conserved like an island in the Dniper-Molochnoe lowland, which has otherwise intensive land use practices.
There are six villages and one settlement within the biosphere reserve, with a total of 10,000 people (1997) who are mainly engaged in the cultivation of cereals (wheat, barley, corn), vegetables and melons, as well as in animal husbandry (sheep, cattle, pig). Tourism is a major activity in the area with about 1,5 million national and 3,000 foreign tourists (1997). The biosphere reserve is also interesting from a cultural point of view. Created as the first steppe reserve in the Ukraine in 1888, it comprises a dendrological park of the 19th century and a zoological park with a breeding centre for Przewalski horse, ostriches, aboriginal ungulates and birds. The site has a long research and monitoring history.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate grasslands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Feather grass steppe dominated by Stipa lessingiana, S. ucrainica and S. capillata together with fescue (Festuca sulcata) and crested hair grass (Koeleria cristata); fesucetae communities with Festuca valesiaca, Crinitaria villosa, Stipa ucrainica etc.; slopes with stipetae associations and species such as Stipa capillata, S. ucrainica, Festuca valesiaca etc.; dales with elytrigetae communities supporting Elytrigia pseudocaesia, Bromopsis inermis, Poa angustifolia etc.; wet meadows with Beckmannia eruciformis, Alopecurus pratensis, Juncus gerardii etc.
  Location   4608'N; 3323'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   33,008
  Core area(s)   11,054
  Buffer zone(s)   6,609
  Transition area(s) when given   15,345
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -20 to +32
  Year designated   1985
  Administrative authorities   Director of Askaniya-Nova Biosphere Reserve, reporting to the Agrarian Academy of Ukraine and the Ministry for Ecology and Nature Resources
  Brief description   Climate
Accumulation and migration of pollutants in the soil
Phenology of the species of the steppe
Dynamics of species composition
Seed yield of dominant plant species
Reintroduction/rehabilitation of species
Anthropogenic influence of the natural territorial complexes of the biosphere reserve
Economic activities in the buffer and typical land-tenure zones
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, pollution, pollutants, soil.
  Biodiversity   Ecology, phenology, plants, productivity, reintroduction, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment.
  Socio-economic   Social/Socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, land tenure, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Yakiv P. Didukh
Director, Kholodny Institute of Botany
2, Teretschenkivska St.
01601 Kyiv
  Telephone   (38044) 235 33 96
  Fax   (38044) 224 1064
  E-mail   didukh@botany.kiev.ua

Last updated: 11/03/2005

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