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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Desnianskyi Biosphere Reserve located in middle stream of the Desna River (one of the biggest branches of the Dnipro River) in the Eastern Polesie Region and presents the basic landscape types of the east of the Polesie Lowland: rivers, lakes, floodplains, bogs, transition mires, fens, real, peaty and swampy grasslands, pine, broad-leaf and mixed forests, including floodplains. Alluvial-outwash plains occupy 60% of the reserve area, and 15% are terrace sand plains, which occupied by forests mainly. 20% of the reserve area are under floodplains and appr. 5% are moraine-outwash plains. The majority of agricultural lands are located between floodplains and a moraine-outwash plains, namely hayfields, pastures, etc. Low density of population within the biosphere reserve and on adjoining areas, absence of huge industrial centers in the region create the background for development of agriculture and forestry on the base of principles of rational use of natural resources with considerable part of traditional forms of nature use. Already now numbers of research, monitoring educational programs are realizing. National Nature Park "Desniansko-Starogutskyi", 3 small wildlife reserves (zakazniks) and 3 nature monuments, wetland of international importance "Desna River Floodplains" form the territory of the Reserve. On the north Desnianskyi Biosphere Reserve borders with the Russian biosphere reserve "Nerusso-Desnianskoe-Polesie", which in future it is planning to consolidate in transboundary biosphere reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Rivers, floodplains, lakes, ponds, mesophyte and sweppe and swampy and peaty grasslands, carnivorous and mixed and broad-leaved and small-leaved forests, forest sands, forest mesotrophic and forest eutrophic and bush eutrophic and grassy eutrophic mires, pastures, arable and fallow lands, ecosystems of villages.
  Major habitats & land cover types   carnivorous forests (pine forests), mixed forests (pine-oak forests), broad-leaved forests (oak forest), small-leaved forest, alder forest, grassy mires, sphagnum mires, meadows, rivers and lakes, arable lands
  Location   52° 10' - 52° 20' north latitude; 33° 25'- 33° 55' east longitude
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   58,293
  Core area(s)   2,397.0
  Buffer zone(s)   13,155.8
  Transition area(s) when given   42,739.8
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   highest elevation - 163.0 m; lowest elevation - 122.0 m
  Year designated   2009
  Administrative authorities   National Nature Park "Desniansko-Starogutskyi"
  Brief description   Reserve zone of the National Nature Park "Desniansko-Starogutskyi" and nature monument “Muravjivska” enter into the composition of core areas of the reserve; buffer zone consist of zone of regulative recreation of the National Nature Park "Desniansko-Starogutskyi", and other well-preserved natural areas; transition zone consist of settlements and areas, where forestry, agriculture, farming, hunting and fishing are conducting.

Regular scientific researches are conducting since 1996. The basic directions are biological and landscape diversity conservation, monitoring of birds migrations and vegetation dynamics. Annually the Chronicle of nature of the National Nature Park “Desniansko-Starogutskyi” is conducting. Here up to 20 scientists from the National Nature Park “Desniansko-Starogutskyi”, universities, research institutes of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Bibliography of works numbers over 180 sources, there were published 4 monographs, 5 thesis uphold. Pupils and students are widely involved into carrying of researched.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, acidic deposition/acid rain, air quality, air temperature, climate, contaminants, drought, erosion, geology, geomorphology, global change, groundwater, habitat, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, topography, toxicology/toxic substances, uv radiation/solar radiation.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, autoecology/synecology, beach/soft bottom, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, boreal forest, breeding/reproduction, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, endemic species, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lichens, mammals, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, natural resources, phenology, plants, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, anthropological studies/anthropology, archaeology/paleontology, capacity building, control and monitoring of illegal activities, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, demography, economically important species, firewood cutting/harvesting, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, hunting, indicators, indicators of sustainability, indigenous people, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, micro-credits, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, quality economies, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, sacred sites, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Carrying capacity/Sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, transboundary/transfrontiers, urban systems/towns/cities, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address   Oleksii Kapirulya
62 Novgorodsiverska Str., t. Seredyno-Buda
41000 Sumska Oblast
  Telephone   (38-05451) 9-14-49, 9-21-70, 9-14-45
  E-mail   nppds@uknet.net.ua

Last updated: 12/08/2009

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