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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Bayerischer Wald Biosphere Reserve is situated in the central part of the Bavarian Forest. It is part of the Bayerischer Wald National Park bordering the Sumava Biosphere Reserve (Czech Republic) to the north-east.
The Bayerischer Wald represents Germany’s second-highest uplands area with spruce and beech forests, mountain streams, raised bogs and meadows. The region is known as the largest ‘wilderness’ area of central and southern Europe. The lynx (Lynx lynx) has been successfully reintroduced here.
There are no people living in the biosphere reserve itself. However, some 10 000 people live in communities contiguous to the area (2001). The main commercial sectors are tourism, agriculture and forestry, glass industry and various trades and commerce. The communities are banded together into an interest association with the aim of caring for and managing the communities’ land, recreational facilities and economic sectors.
Over 500 research and monitoring projects have been carried out from 1970 to 2000 in the area of the biosphere reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland system
  Major habitats & land cover types   Fagetum communities with common beech (Fagus sylvatica),silver fir (Abies alba), Norway spruce (Picea abies), sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus), ash (Fraxinus excelsior) etc.; spruce communities on highlands (over 1,150m) dominated by Picea abies, rowan (Sorbus aucuparia), silver birch (Betula verrucosa and Betula carpatica) etc.; raised bogs with dwarf pine, dwarf shrubs and Sphagnum moss
  Location   48°55'N; 13°23'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   13,300
  Core area(s)   10,100
  Buffer zone(s)   3,200
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +670 to +1,450
  Year designated   1981
  Administrative authorities   Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Landwirtschaft und Forsten
  Brief description   Climatology
Soil studies
Landscape analysis
Effects of regional tourism
Hydrological modelling, pollutant input
Ecological succession in areas of windthrow
Effects of air pollutants in small watersheds
Integrated environmental and ecological monitoring
Avian and ungulate population dynamics
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Acidic deposition/Acid rain, climate, hydrology, modelling, pollution, pollutants, soil.
  Biodiversity   Birds, mammals, phytosociology/succession, population genetics/population dynamics.
  Socio-economic   Tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, landscape inventorying/monitoring, monitoring/methodologies, watershed studies/monitoring.
  Contact address   K. F. Sinner
Bayerischer Wald National Park Bayerischer Wald Biospaerenreservat
Freyunger Strasse 2
D-94481 Grafenau
  Telephone   (49.8552) 96000
  Fax   (49.8552) 96 00 100
  E-mail   poststelle@fonpv-bay.bayern.de
  Web site   www.nationalpark-bayerischer-wald.de

Last updated: 09/03/2005

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