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      Biosphere Reserve Information



© Photo: Schaalsee BR
  General Description   The Schaalsee Biosphere Reserve is located in the Land Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in northern Germany and covers 30,257 hectares. A special characteristic of this relatively small area is the diverse landscape with a variety of habitats. It is characterized by semi-natural ecosystems of woods, bogs, lakes and dry sites. The Schaalsee itself is a lake originating as a glacial tongue basin from the Weichsel glacial period.
Some 8,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1998), making their living mainly from agriculture, fishery, forestry and tourism. There is a high potential for the development of agriculture and tourism. Environmentally sensitive production methods are needed which reduce the eutrophication of rivers, lakes and bogs. The production of high value foodstuffs and the setting-up of direct marketing systems can create extra sources of income for farmers. At the same time, the extensive use maintains the cultural landscape. In the future, additional tourist attractions might replace day-trip tourists by long-term holidaymakers which provide better earning opportunities for the local population.
Research in the biosphere reserve is focusing on the monitoring of the Schaalsee Lake, and of the otter (Lutra lutra) population as well as analysis of visitor perception.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands; freshwater lake
  Major habitats & land cover types   Woodlands with the following characteristics: semi-natural beech woodland, semi-natural mixed deciduous woodland, mixed pine woodland, pioneer woodland of birch and/or pine etc.; hedge and copse vegetation including boundary copses and groups of trees, orchard areas and fruit trees, hedges etc.; green land habitats including poor quality and dry grassland, wet and damp grassland, extensive grassland (pasture), low marshy greenland etc.; bogs and marshes; streams and rivers, lakes; arable land; settlements
  Location   North: 53°60'N; 10°45'E
South: 53°59'N; 10°45'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   30,257
  Core area(s)   1,194
  Buffer zone(s)   5,142
  Transition area(s) when given   23,921
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +3.5 to +93
  Year designated   2000
  Administrative authorities   Authority for the Schaalsee Biosphere Reserve
  Brief description   Monitoring of the Schaalsee
Ground water, water quality
Weather recording
Monitoring of the otter (Lutra lutra) population, waterbirds and
Bombina sp.
Crane, eagle and stork
Assessment of vegetation, flora and fauna
Mapping of biotopes
Nest boxes for endangered bird species (Ciconia ciconia, owls)
Habitat preservation measures (planting hedges, mowing of orchid meadows)
Analysis of visitor satisfaction levels
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Groundwater, habitat, hydrology, meteorology.
  Biodiversity   Amphibians, birds, conservation, fauna, flora, freshwater/inland water, mammals, methodologies, population genetics/population dynamics, rare/endangered/threatened species, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Recreation, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Klaus Jarmatz
Biosphärenreservat Schaalsee
Wittenburger Chaussee 13
D-192 46 Zarrentin
  Telephone   (49.38851) 302-0
  Fax   (49.38851) 302-20
  E-mail   info.br@schaalsee.de
  Web site   www.schaalsee.de

Last updated: 28/02/2007

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