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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This Biosphere Reserve and National Park includes the upper reaches of the Guadalquivir River together with a vast reservoir built for hydroelectric power generation, and extensive mountains and forests. The landscape is a mosaic of peaks, valleys, rocky gorges and vertical cliffs, and displays many typical karst limestone features. The Sierras of Cazorla y Segura are part of a great mountain massif dominated by several peaks over 1,800 meters with Empanades being the highest. The forests are particularly notable. The dominant species are oak (Quercus ilex and Q.lusitanica) and pine (Pinus halepensis). Some 200 species of vertebrates are found in the reserve. The flora is extremely rich and between 2,000 vascular species has been recorded. Many are either rare or endemic to the region; such as the English name Cazorla violet (Viola cazorlensis) and the two endemic Narcisse (Narcissus spp.). Another plant of interest is the butterwort (Pinguicula vallisneriifolia). Prehistoric Rupestrian painting sites are found especially in the Cuevas de Pardis near the Segura River. There is also evidence of Iberian settlements dating from 2,000 BC. in particular those of Galera and Orce and Baños de María. More than 19,800 inhabitants (2001) live in the buffer area, mainly engaged in cattle raising, agriculture, tourism and forestry. A sustainable development plan is being developed and local management is supported by the Natural Park Direction, coordinated with three Rural Development Associations (Comarca de Cazorla, Sierra de Segura and La Loma-Las Villas).
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous woodland
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   37°50' to 3°20'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   190,000
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +400 to +3,482
  Year designated   1983
  Administrative authorities  
  Brief description   Monitoring of Capra pyrenaica hispanica population, diseases
Protection and reproduction monitoring of endangered high mountain flora species
Ski station effects on rivers
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Conservation, flora, freshwater/inland water, methodologies, pests/diseases, rare/endangered/threatened species.
  Socio-economic   Tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact.
  Contact address   José Luis Sánchez Morales
Director Conservador del Parque Natural Sierra de Cazorla, Segura y las Villas
Puente del Servo, 3
23071 Jáen
  Telephone   (34.953) 01 24 05
  Fax   (34.953) 01 25 08
  E-mail   pn.cazorla.cma@juntadeandalucia.es

Last updated: 27/02/2007

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