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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Marismas del Odiel Biosphere Reserve is located in the north-west of Cadiz in the Province of Huelva, at the mouth of the Odiel River. It is also a Ramsar site and a Special zone for birds protection in the European Union. This coastal area includes extensive marshlands and the island of Enmedio surrounded by the villages of Huelva, Gibraleon, Aljaraque and Punta Umbría. It comprises evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands and scrub, including tidal marshes, beaches and dunes, wetland and salt works. A number of studies have been conducted on the marshland ecosystems and its bird species (more than 200 species are reported). The area is also of archeological interest. Access to the marshlands of Odiel is easy due to an extensive marine and terrestrial communication network. Only 10 people live in the biosphere reserve (2001). Human activities consist mainly of salt extraction in the northern part of the reserve. Not more than 100 heads of cattle are still allowed to graze. On the Saltes islands, controlled sport and commercial fishing is taking place. The Chair of Ecological Research of the University of Sevilla is carrying out research in the area. The main goal of the biosphere reserve is to contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of the wetlands of the East Atlantic.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub (including coastal/marine component)
  Major habitats & land cover types   Tidal marshes; beaches and dunes; forests; wetland; salt works
  Location   37°10'N; 06°54'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   7,158
  Core area(s)   1,074
  Buffer zone(s)   6,084
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +10
  Year designated   1983
  Administrative authorities   Junta de Andalucía Consejería de Medio Ambiente
  Brief description   Archaeology
Marshland ecosystems
Protection of birds
Restoration of ecosystems
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Birds, conservation, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, wetlands.
  Socio-economic   Archaeology/Paleontology.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   Juan Carlos Rubio Garcia
Vicepresidente del Comité Andaluz de RBs
Carretera Juan Calos I, Km3, Apartado 720
21080 Huelva
  Telephone   (34.959) 500 236
  Fax   (34.959) 500 236
  E-mail   juanc.rubio@juntadeandalucia.es

Last updated: 27/02/2007

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