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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This site is situated in the Province of Castilla y León and is characterized by the cooperative venture of four valley communities to promote tourism and new economic activities respectful of nature. Mining and hydraulic energy production are the main sources of revenue for the 14,956 inhabitants living in the transition area. This biosphere reserve has great importance for the protection of brown bear (Ursus arctos pyrenaicus). It is constituted by high-mountain grasslands used for cattle and sheep raising, and oak and beech forests. It is the only biosphere reserve in Spain that has a traditional model of grassland management, using local breeds of sheep and cattle. Research activities are being mainly implemented by the Universities of Castilla and León and focus on conservation issues of birds (Tetrao urogallus) and mammals (Canis lupus signatus), on socio-economic issues and research to improve the gene pool of the local breed of cattle. The whole area reglemented by “Plan General de Ordenacíon Urbana” on town and county planning at the provincial level. This site is managed by an Advisory Board as a consulting unit and Management Board. All stakeholders are represented in these boards including the local mayors and the Autonomous Province of Castilla and León.
  Major ecosystem type   Iberian mountains and valleys, transition area between the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions.
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mixed forests of oak (Quercus pirenaica and Quercus petraea) and birch (Betula pendula), mediterranean ash-tree (Fraxinus angustilfolia), mountain elm-tree (Ulmus glabra). Low shrub vegetation of juniper (Juniperus nana).
  Location   Latitude N 42°52’44’’ – 43°3’35’’
Longitude W 6°12”12’’ – 6°20’42’’
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   21,700
  Core area(s)   2,532.73
  Buffer zone(s)   17,448.27
  Transition area(s) when given   1,719
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   975-2,788
  Year designated   2003
  Administrative authorities   Advisory Board (el Ayuntamiento)
  Brief description   Climatic monitoring (precipitation and air temperature)
Water quality control
Geological studies (fossil vegetation, dating, etc)
Data collection on a hydroelectric station.
Conservation and genetic studies of indigenous cattle species
Animals population survey and conservation : black cock (Tetrao urogallus), wolf (Canis lupus signatus) and bear (Ursus arctos).
Fish communities studies
Rural systems studies, demography, population survey and migration.
Fire management and prevention plan.
Rural populations and endangered species interactions.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   n.a.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   Guillermo Murias Andonegui
Alcalde del Ayuntamiento de Villablino
Avda. Constitución, 23
24100 Villablino (León)
  Telephone   (34.987) 47 00 01
  Fax   (34.987) 47 22 36
  E-mail   ayuntamiento@aytovillablino.com

Last updated: 27/02/2007

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