The right to personal security is a human right independent of the right to personal liberty.
If individuals or groups are subject to harassment, intimidation, severe discriminatory treatment, death threats, or violent attacks, States have a positive obligation to provide a minimum standard of protection for their personal security integrity, and life.
Poor people usually suffer from multiple forms of insecurity. In addition to experiencing financial, economic and social insecurity, they are often homeless, marginalized, discriminated against and subject to physical violence by State and non-State actors. They frequently reside in or must travel through areas in which their personal security and that of their family is put at risk. Frequently, protective services such as police protection are not provided for the poor at the same level to other members of society placing them at greater risk. Accordingly, efforts to strengthen the right of poor people to personal security shall have a crucial place in poverty reduction strategies.
An individual’s human security is defined as his or hers expectation of years of life without experiencing the state of generalized poverty. Population human security is then an aggregation of individuals’ human security. (cf. Gary KING and Cristopher J.L. MURRAY’s Rethinking Human Security, in Political Science Quarterly – volume 116, number 4, 2001-02)
Regional Implementation This right is addressed by our projects in the following regions: