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This paper was developed by the working group on education and HIV/AIDS and summarises issues raised from a meeting in London on 10 December 2003. The paper describes the educational disadvantage faced by OVC's. It goes on to look at educational responses with a specific focus on three: open and distance learning; school feeding schemes; and the index for inclusion.
The Caribbean region has the second highest prevalence of HIV infection in the world after sub-Saharan Africa. Extensive population mobility and the very limited capacity of many Caribbean countries to respond to AIDS, combined with a realization that AIDS seriously threatens the economic and social well being of the region, led national and regional partners to join with international organizations in the Pan Caribbean Partnership Against HIV/AIDS (PANCAP). …
This document represents a synthesis of country studies on the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care initiated in the context of a UNESCO/UNAIDS research project. The studies aim to identify the interaction between culture, development and the HIV/AIDS problem, in order to adopt the appropriate preventive actions and care. More than a simple synthesis, the document identifies general trends within the different cultures with regard to risk perception, the complexity of AIDS, its socio-cultural and multidimensional impact. The document explores also the cultural diversity and identifies vulnerable groups within a society and culture. Lessons learned and recommendations have been formulated based on the data collected.
This document presents the two major achievements of Year I of the UNESCO/UNAIDS joint project "A Cultural Approach to HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care". This phase of the project was meant to identify the interactions between cultures and the HIV/AIDS issue and to adjust prevention and care accordingly. The first part is devoted to the Summary Report of 16 country assessments and shorter country papers carried out in Southern Africa, the Caribbean and South-east Asia. In its second part, the present document describes a set of methodological and pedagogical proposals, based on previous research carried out within UNESCO's Culture Sector (Cultural Research and Management Section)
This document is a synopsis of information available on pilot projects initiated jointly by WHO and UNESCO. The document provides a justification and the rationale for education on AIDS at school. It looks at the formulation and design of projects. It presents project objectives, site selection, project preparation and evaluation. The document also contains briefs on projects carried out in Ethiopia, Jamaica, Mauritius and the Pacific Islands, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Venezuela.
This report addresses the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbean. It gives a regional overview of HIV/AIDS prevention programmes and looks at policies of national AIDS programmes and four projects run by NGOs.
An article on the belief that AIDS is a form of genocide targeted at the black population is prevalent in black communities in the United States. Public health authorities are distrusted, in part because of the legacy of the Tuskegee study of untreated syphilis, a perceived racist experiment. For effective interventions to prevent the transmission of HIV in black communities, genocidal fears and beliefs must be addressed and black community leaders should be involved in planning and implementation.