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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV epidemic in Estonia: analysis of strategic information. Case study

    This publication describes an in-depth retrospective secondary data analysis, using triangulation principles, that was conducted to analyse the course of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Estonia, describe the interventions implemented and provide guidance and input for priority setting. The researchers also highlighted main data gaps and made recommendations to improve surveillance and interventions. …

  2. Key populations, key responses: a gap analysis for key populations and HIV in South Africa, and recommendations for the National Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB (2012-2016)

    In June 2011, South Africa signed the United Nations Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS: Intensifying our Efforts to Eliminate HIV/AIDS which explicitly outlined commitment for all UN member states to address the inadequacy of HIV prevention strategies, focusing on men who have sex with men (MSM), injecting drug users (IDU) and sex workers (SW) and to improve access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services for migrant populations. …

  3. Comparison of Health Education and STD Risk Reduction Interventions for Incarcerated Adolescent Females

    Adolescent girls imprisoned in state reformatories were recruited (N=246) to an 18-month health education or HIV prevention program. A randomized block design was used to assign girls to one of the two programs. Girls in the HIV prevention program had improved risk reduction and condom use skills. At 9 months of follow-up, girls in both groups reported less sex under the influence of alcohol or drugs and less unprotected sex.

  4. Drug Use Survey 2010 Sarpoza Prison, Kandahar, Afghanistan: Assessment of drug use levels and associated high risk behaviours amongst the prison population of Sarpoza Prison, Kandahar

    This evaluation aims to assess the levels of drug use and associated high-risk behaviours in the prison population of Sarpoza Prison, Kandahar, in order to inform the subsequent planning and provision of prison-based and community-based (prison aftercare) treatment and harm reduction service delivery.

  5. What works for women and girls: evidence for HIV/AIDS interventions

    The purpose of www.whatworksforwomen.org is to compile and summarize the base of evidence to support successful interventions in HIV programming for women and girls. National AIDS programs, government ministries, implementing partners, donors, civil society groups and others need an easy-to-understand format for identifying what works for women. …

  6. Protocol on Assessing Drug Use and HIV in Prison Settings

    In order to increase access to drug use and HIV/AIDS prevention and care services in the prison settings any response needs to be informed by a sound and proper assessment of the situation. As a minimum, this assessment needs to cover the drug use and HIV/AIDS prevalence, knowledge, attitude and behavior and treatment/prevention infrastructure situation in prisons as well as training needs of staff. This would ensure that activities and responses are evidence informed, monitored and evaluated (based on a regular assessment of the nature and magnitude of the problem). …

  7. HIV in Prisons: Situation and Needs Assessment Toolkit

    This toolkit aims to provide information and guidance, primarily, to national governments. It is written with low and middle-income countries in mind, but it will also be a useful resource for high-income countries. Its focus is on HIV, but it recognizes that other diseases linked to HIV, in particular hepatitis and tuberculosis, also represent serious problems in prisons. The toolkit is divided into two sections. The first section provides a description of the characteristics of HIV in prisons, prisoners' unique requirements and principles of assessments. …

  8. Prevención del VIH-sida en Contextos de Encierro: sistematización de acciones desarrolladas y de hallazgos útiles para la acción

    La publicación presenta esquemáticamente las principales instituciones que componen el sistema penitenciario argentino. …

  9. Bio-behavioral study conducted among young people and most at risk populations for HIV infection in Republic of Macedonia in 2007

    This report represents the findings of the second cross-sectional study conducted in 2006, one years after the first study. The behavioral study is conducted among Intravenous Drug Users, Sex Workers, Men having Sex with Men, prisoners, STI patients including the group of young people aged 15-24 and Roma population.

  10. VIH/sida: Los derechos de las personas privadas de la libertad. Normas, jurisprudencia y prácticas en la prevención y el tratamiento de VIH/sida

    Este trabajo describe el marco jurídico que regula la prevención y el tratamiento de VIH/SIDA en personas privadas de su libertad, así como algunas prácticas conflictivas que se dan en las cárceles de Argentina en relación con esta problemática. El documento señala, en sus dos primeras secciones, cuál es el alcance que la Constitución Nacional (CN), las leyes, la jurisprudencia y las disposiciones internacionales han otorgado al derecho a la salud en general y al derecho a la prevención y tratamiento de VIH/SIDA, en particular. …

  11. Los derechos encerrados: sistematización de experiencias de prevención del VIH/sida con personas privadas de la libertad

    Sistematización de experiencias de educación para la prevención del VIH en personas privadas de libertad en Argentina. Se describen las características de este grupo y las particularidades que debe tener el trabajo con ellos. También se toca el tema del respeto de sus derechos.

  12. Informe sobre la situación del VIH/SIDA y los derechos humanos de los privados de libertad en Venezuela

    Estudio sobre la situación de las personas privadas de libertad en Venezuela en relación a derechos humanos y VIH/sida. Se basa en testimonios de reclusos, las condiciones de vida al interior de los recintos, las situaciones de riesgo de contagio de VIH que deben enfrentar, el tratamiento para las personas que viven con VIH, los casos de corrupción y violencia (institucional y por parte de los reclusos) que viven. Incluye estadísticas y en su parte final propone soluciones a los problemas detectados.

  13. Derecho a la salud, a la educación y a la participación de los niños, niñas y adolescentes privados de su libertad

    Estudio de la situación del VIH/sida desde la perspectiva de los derechos humanos de niñas, niños y adolescentes (13 a 18 años) privados de libertad en la provincia de Tucumán, Argentina. Se analiza la legislación vigente incluyendo Tratados y Pactos internacionales, leyes nacionales y provinciales. Se evalúa la atención médica recibida en los centros en los que están recluidos. …

  14. Prevenção da Aids com adolescentes encarcerados em São Paulo, SP

    OBJETIVOS: Descrever o perfil de adolescentes quanto ao apoio social e familiar, ao uso de drogas e os conhecimentos, as práticas e atitudes relacionadas à Aids e sua prevenção. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 275 jovens internos, do sexo masculino, de um centro de internação da Fundação Estadual do Bem Estar do Menor (Febem), em São Paulo, SP. …

  15. Cárceles y VIH/Sida: Relevamiento de recursos sociales y sanitarios en unidades penales seleccionadas en Argentina

    Estudio realizado en penales de Argentina acerca de labores de educación en prevención del VIH/SIDA para los reclusos. También se analiza la atención de salud para los reos que viven con VIH y el respeto a sus derechos, así como de la atención sanitaria en general.

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