What is TVET?
© ILO / Marcel Crozet
Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is concerned with the acquisition of knowledge and skills for the world of work. Throughout the course of history, various terms have been used to describe elements of the field that are now conceived as comprising TVET. These include: Apprenticeship Training, Vocational Education, Technical Education, Technical-Vocational Education (TVE), Occupational Education (OE), Vocational Education and Training (VET), Professional and Vocational Education (PVE), Career and Technical Education (CTE), Workforce Education (WE), Workplace Education (WE), etc. Several of these terms are commonly used in specific geographic areas.
The following major UNESCO conferences were standard-setting with regard to TVET:
Shanghai Consensus: Third International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (Shanghai, China, 14-16 May 2012)
UNESCO International Experts Meeting Learning for Work, Citizenship and Sustainability ("Seoul+5", Bonn, Germany, 2004)
Second International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education / Final report (Seoul, Republic of Korea, 1999)
First International Congress on the Development and Improvement of Technical and Vocational Education (Berlin, German Democratic Republic, 1987)
Definitions of TVET from TVETipedia glossary
Vocational Education and Training: A Come-Back to the Development Agenda?
International TVET Institutions
Recommendation concerning Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) (UNESCO, 2015)
English | French | Spanish | Russian | Chinese | Arabic
Revised Recommendation concerning Technical and Vocational Education (UNESCO, 2002)
English | French | Spanish | Russian | Arabic | Chinese (PDF, 250KB)
Convention on Technical and Vocational Education (UNESCO, 1989)
English | French | Spanish | Chinese | Arabic | Russian (PDF, 100KB)
"Vocational Education: The Come-back?" in Education Today (UNESCO's Education Sector newsletter), April-June 2005
English | French | Spanish | Russian | Arabic (PDF, 400KB)