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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Ghana's education sector HIV/AIDS policy

    The education sector's specific policy statements and strategies have been outlined under the National Strategic Framework (NSF II) 2006-2010. The policy has been developed to: 1. Highlight the sector's commitment to the fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic, 2. Provide guidelines and milestones that will ensure that all stakeholders tackle the problem of HIV/AIDS within the sector with a unified purpose. After an analysis of the situation, the plan proposes objectives, strategies and responses to the global situation.

  2. Education and HIV/AIDS: a sourcebook of HIV/AIDS prevention programs. Volume 2: education sector-wide approaches

    A Sourcebook of HIV/AIDS Prevention Programs Volume 2: Education Sector-Wide Approaches is part of a global effort to accelerate the sector's response to HIV/AIDS, particularly in Africa, and reflects the increasing recognition of the role that education has to play in the national response to HIV. A good education is now recognized as making a crucial contribution to reducing stigma and discrimination and to helping young people avoid infection. …

  3. Ghana's HIV/AIDS sectoral work plan: 2006-2010

    The pillars of this plan are the following: 1. Policy, Advocacy and Enabling Environment, 2. Coordination and Management of the Decentralized response, 3. Mitigating the Social, Cultural, Legal and Economic Impacts, 4. Prevention and Behaviour Change Communication, 5. Treatment, Care and Support, 6. Research, Surveillance, Monitoring and Education, 7. Mobilization of Resources and Funding Arrangement. …

  4. Scaling up for zero tolerance: civil society leadership in eliminating violence against women and girls in Ghana, Rwanda, and South Africa

    Based on the Global AIDS Alliance's August 2006 report Zero Tolerance: Stop the Violence Against Women and Children, Stop HIV/AIDS, this report explores successes and challenges of scaling up comprehensive national programs to prevent, respond to, and mitigate the impacts of violence against women and girls (VAW/G) and violence against children (VAC). The countries selected for the study - Ghana, Rwanda, and South Africa - demonstrate concerted efforts to address the problem. …

  5. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  6. Are Africans practicing safer sex: evidence from demographic and health surveys for eight countries

    The authors use repeated rounds of Demographic and Health Survey data from eight african countries to examine changes in and determinants of three HIV risk behaviors: age at first intercourse; number of current sexual partners, and use of condoms. They find some evidence of changes in sample composition, which is easily handled in a multivariate framework, and find evidence as well of changes in how people respond to questions about HIV behavior. …

  7. Access of girls and women to scientific, technical and vocational education in Africa

    UNESCO's General Conference at its 28th session (Paris 1995), budgeted a project on 'Technical, scientific and vocational training for young girls in Africa'. Pursuant to this decision, the Regional Office for Education in Africa in Dakar (BREDA), in cooperation with headquarters started with a preparatory phase to implement the project aimed at identifying what determines girls being guided into scientific and technical streams. During 1996-1997, surveys were conducted in twenty English and French countries in Africa. …

  8. Recruiting, retaining and retraining secondary school teachers and principals in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Recruiting, retaining and retraining secondary school teachers and principals in Sub-Saharan Africa is based on country studies in Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Madagascar, Tanzania and Uganda and an extensive literature review. In many parts of Africa, the demand for secondary teachers substantially exceeds the supply due to factors such as secondary teacher attrition, bottlenecks in the teacher preparation system, and perceived unattractive conditions of service. Few countries have strong policies, strategies, and programs for recruiting able secondary leavers to secondary teaching. …

  9. Workshop report on higher education science and curriculum reforms: African universities responding to HIV and AIDS

    The purpose of this workshop was to share information and learn from the experiences from different African universities in view of addressing the need for the universities to respond to the impact of HIV/AIDS through curriculum reforms. The theme of the workshop fell within the wider UNESCO project on Prevention Education for African universities which seek to create awareness among the Faculties of Science and Engineering on the need and importance of responding to the impacts of HIV/AIDS and finding long lasting solutions to the pandemic. …

  10. Impact du VIH/SIDA sur les enseignants et l'enseignement dans l'éducation formelle et non formelle en Afrique de l'ouest: rapport de synthèse

    L'étude transnationale sur l'impact du VIH/SIDA dans le secteur de l'éducation est réalisée dans quatre pays, Bénin, Ghana, Guinée, Niger, afin d'identifier les pratiques en cours et d'en dégager les forces et les faiblesses. Il ressort des études de terrain que la politique nationale de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA dans le système éducatif est méconnue des différents partenaires du système de telle sorte que les actions permettant de réduire les impacts sont faibles. …

  11. Advancing reproductive health and family planning through religious leaders and faith-based organizations

    Relationships with FBOs are essential to community-based health work, but can be difficult to forge. Some religious traditions reject the use of contraception. Others may accept family planning within marriage, but do not feel condoms should be distributed to young unmarried people. Some religious leaders believe that prayer is enough to protect their followers from AIDS. …

  12. Gender and risk of HIV in Ghana and Uganda

    Using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for Ghana and Uganda, this study examines the gender differentials in perceptions of HIV risk in the two countries, which have been hit by the HIV epidemic in a different way, as in Ghana the epidemic has just started. It identifies factors associated with high or low risk of HIV infection by using logistic regression methodology. Principal findings include strong gender differentials in perceptions of risk, especially in Uganda; women felt at greater risk of HIV infection than men. …

  13. Clinic assessment of youth friendly services: a tool for assessing and improving reproductive health services for youth

    The tool helps programme managers and clinicians determine the extent to which current reproductive health services are youth-friendly. Under the African Youth Alliance Project, Pathfinder conducted baseline assessments in Botswana, Tanzania, Uganda, using this tool.

  14. Information and communications technology : Web sites, CD-ROMs, and on-line educational projects hold promise for youth

    Technology resources increasingly link professionals working with reproductive health and HIV prevention programmes in developing countries. These same resources -- e-mail, CD-ROMs, listservs, the Internet, radio, and television -- hold great promise for reaching youth as well.

  15. Condoms count: meeting the need in the era of HIV/AIDS

    The report assesses progress toward achieving the reproductive health goals adopted by the international community. It points to ever-growing shortfalls of reproductive health supplies key in the fight against HIV/AIDS, for example, like male and female condoms -- in many developing countries. The report then reviews steps that can be taken in order to secure adequate numbers of these supplies, while noting that supplies are only one part of the challenge. Progress will require significant changes, not only in public policy, but also in individual attitudes, behaviours, and societal norms. …

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