Bangkok: UNESCO Office Bangkok, 2014. 71 p.
UNESCO Bangkok and Regional Bureau for Education in Asia and the Pacific
To better understand how countries are tackling the HIV epidemic among young key populations, a number of agencies agreed to partner to investigate how these groups were being addressed in national AIDS strategic plans in the Asia-Pacific region. This report is the outcome of this effort, and aims to inform country-based reviews and progress reports of current NSPs, and the development of future plans with greater attention to these populations. This review analyses the inclusion of young key populations in the NSPs for HIV and AIDS of 19 countries in the Asia-Pacific region namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Viet Nam. The primary document examined for the review of each country’s strategy was the NSP. However, where operational, implementation or monitoring and evaluation (M&E) plans were available these were also assessed. These documents were reviewed using an analytical framework developed following consideration of: seven existing NSP reviews; guidance documents on comprehensive packages for key populations; and the HIV and AIDS Investment Framework. This tool enabled a content analysis of the plans under the three broad headings: development and review of the NSP; content including core elements, basic programmes, critical enablers and synergistic development activities; and operationalisation of the plan. For each of these categories the NSPs were assessed for interventions which address young and adult key populations, specifically men who have sex with men, transgender people, people who sell sex, people who inject drugs and people living with HIV. The review also included an analysis of interventions for young people, more generally, as broader interventions for youth may also reach those at higher risk of HIV exposure.
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