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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Shaping AIDS Education and Prevention Programs for African Americans Amidst Community Decline

    AIDS education must be tailored to the target community's needs. A three-pronged approach is needed to mitigate the AIDS epidemic within the African American community. Firstly, the notion that AIDS and the drug abuse epidemics are a conspiracy must be dispelled and converted into a movement to save African Americans. Secondly, African American men and women, separately then together, must take responsibility for the gender role changes that have encouraged HIV and STI infections. …

  2. The Association of AIDS Education and Sex Education with Sexual Behavior and Condom Use Among Teenage Men

    A 1998 national U.S. survey of 15-19 year olds found that 73% had received education about AIDS, 79% about birth control and 58% about resisting sexual activity. Multivariate analysis shows that AIDS and sex education moderately but significantly decreased number of sexual partners and frequency of intercourse in the year prior to the survey. This type of education was also associated with more consistent condom use. Education on some topics was associated with increased knowledge and improved attitudes about AIDS, but these did not always correlate with safer sexual behavior.

  3. Sex Education and AIDS Education in the Schools: What States and Large School Districts Are Doing

    In the majority of states, sex education is mandatory or strongly recommended in public schools. Forty-eight states and most of the large school districts across the country support sex education, including about STIs and abstinence. Fewer districts and states make education on pregnancy prevention mandatory. Larger school districts cover a broader range of sex-related topics, especially related to preventing pregnancy, than state curricula. Such districts also provide greater support to instructors through curricula provision, training and other activities, than do states. …

  4. Risk Communication about AIDS in Higher Education

    AIDS education is increasingly being done at the university level, as recognition that university students are at high risk for contracting HIV has increased. This article looks at how risk communication should be done at this level. …

  5. Sexually Active Adolescents have Less Knowledge and Less Fear of HIV than their Abstinent Peers

    A study in four districts of Rhode Island (USA) of 1,379 junior high school students (average age 13.2 years) found that sexually active boys were less knowledgeable about HIV, less tolerant of people living with AIDS, less fearful of contraction of HIV and more likely to undertake risky behavior, than those who were not sexually active. The same pattern, although less extreme, is found among girls in the sample. …

  6. AIDS and Sexuality Education

    This article provides a discussion of pitfalls to avoid in designing sexuality and AIDS education courses and critical aspects that should be included. Such programs should have five goals: eliminate misinformation and panic about AIDS; delay onset of first sexual intercourse; disseminate information to sexually active teenagers on services and safer sex options; warn teens of the dangers of drug use; and encourage compassion for people living with HIV and AIDS. …

  7. Experiential Service-Based Learning: An Integrated HIV/AIDS Education Model for College Campuses

    This paper discusses an approach to teaching the sociology of AIDS which combines coursework and weekly volunteering at an AIDS service organization. This approach deepends students' understanding of HIV/AIDS by allowing them to test theories and ideas discussed in the classroom, in practice. the paper evaluates the benefits and drawbacks of this approach and provides guidelines for effective implementation.

  8. Hatred in the hallways: violence and discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender students in U.S. schools

    This publication discusses documented attacks on the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth who have been subjected to abuse by their peers, and in some cases by their teachers and school administrators. To date, these violations are compounded by the lack of legislation to protect these students from discrimination and violence. Youth around the world ages 12 through 21 were interviewed for this report. In addition, 130 youth service providers, teachers, counselors, and parents were surveyed. …

  9. Advances in HIV/AIDS Education and Prevention

    A brief review of HIV behavioral epidemiology is provided. Factors influencing HIV risk taking and risk reduction and their implications for prevention are discussed. Factors common to HIV interventions with evidence of reduced risk taking behavior are reviewed. …

  10. HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Sexual Behavior Among High School Students

    A 1989 Secondary School Student Health Risk Survey finds that 54% of high school students in the U.S. had HIV education in school. A questionnaire revealed that the majority of students knew the two main modes of HIV transmission (intravenous drug use and unsafe sexual activity). Students who had taken HIV education classes gave correct answers more often than those who had not. Students who had more knowledge on HIV were less likely to report having had two or more sexual partners and more likely to report consistent use of condoms.

  11. A Group Technique for Testing Knowledge about HIV/AIDS

    This paper discusses how a sociology professor at the University of Arizona coped with increasing interest among university students on AIDS. She discusses dealing with larger class sizes and the need to make sure students understood the basic biology of HIV. She designed a series of riddles that students in groups of 5 would complete in 20 minutes testing their knowledge. She would then mark the riddle answers and discuss these answers with students afterwards.

  12. Break the Silence

    Break the Silence, Wisconsin was a statewide gathering to raise awareness about the impact of bullying, homophobia, and transphobia in our schools. The LGBT Campus Center recently launched Stop the Silence: LGBTQ Anti-Bullying Campaign to address ongoing incidents in both the UW-Madison, and broader communities. Bullying toward students identified as LGBT, or those perceived to be, is a long standing issue. …

  13. Think before you speak: NBA

    NBA players Grant Hill and Jared Dudley shot a PSA for GLSEN and the Ad Council's Think Before You Speak campaign on April 12, 2011. The PSA is the first phase of a partnership between GLSEN, the NBA and the Ad Council to address anti-LGBT language among teens.

  14. Experiences of LGBT Youth in U.S. schools: newly released findings from the GLSEN 2009 National School Climate Survey

    This webinar presented an overview of research findings from GLSEN's 2009 National School Climate Survey, as detailed in a new report on the school experiences of LGBT youth that was released on September 13th. We discussed the prevalence of a hostile school climate for many LGBT youth, including the high frequency of homophobic remarks made in school and of in-school victimization because of sexual orientation and gender expression. …

  15. They don't even know me: understanding anti-gay harassment and violence in schools. A report of the five year anti-violence research project of the Safe Schools Coalition of Washington State

    Report on the five years anti violence research project of the Safe Schools Coalition of Washington State. This landmark report describes the findings of a five-year study in elementary, middle and high schools in 37 school districts. Included are 111 actual case studies of the incidents reported to the researchers, ranging from name-calling to 22 assaults and 8 gang rapes.

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