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Building digital safety for journalism: a survey of selected issues

As technologies develop, so do opportunities as well as threats to journalism. This research explains some of the emerging threats to journalism safety in the digital era, and proposes a framework to help build digital safety for journalists. Examining 12 key digital threats to journalism, ranging from hacking of journalistic communications, through to denial-of-service attacks on media websites, it assesses preventive, protective and pre-emptive measures to avoid them. It shows too that digital security for journalism encompasses, but also goes beyond, the technical dimension.

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Countering online hate speech

The study provides a global overview of the dynamics characterizing hate speech online and some of the measures that have been adopted to counteract and mitigate it, highlighting good practices that have emerged at the local and global levels. The publication offers a comprehensive analysis of the international, regional and national normative frameworks, with a particular emphasis on social and non-regulatory mechanisms that can help to counter the production, dissemination and impact of hateful messages online.

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Keystones to foster inclusive knowledge societies: access to information and knowledge, freedom of expression, privacy and ethics on a global internet

UNESCO’s vision of universal Knowledge Societies builds on a free, open and trusted Internet that enables people to not only have the ability to access information resources from around the world, but to also contribute information and knowledge to local and global communities. What can UNESCO do to move towards the realization of this vision of Internet-enabled Knowledge Societies that can foster inclusive sustainable human development worldwide?

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Principles for governing the Internet: a comparative analysis

As the sixth edition in the UNESCO Internet Freedom series, this study encompasses both quantitative and qualitative assessments of more than 50 declarations, guidelines, and frameworks. The issues contained in these documents are assessed in the context of UNESCO’s  interested areas such as access, freedom of expression, privacy, ethics, Priority Gender Equality, and Priority Africa, and sustainable development, etc.

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World trends in freedom of expression and media development: Special digital focus 2015

World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development – Special Digital Focus 2015 explores emerging opportunities and challenges for press freedom in the digital age. With a focus on online hate speech, protection of journalism sources, the role of internet intermediaries in fostering freedom online, and the safety of journalists, the report highlights the importance of new actors in promoting and protecting freedom of expression online and off-line. In a media environment transformed by digital technologies, this special volume in the World Trends series is a key reference for Governments, journalists, media workers, civil society, the private sector, academics and students.

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Fostering freedom online: the role of Internet intermediaries

With the rise of Internet intermediaries that play a mediating role between authors of content and audiences on the internet, this UNESCO publication provides in-depth case studies and analysis on how internet intermediaries impact on freedom of expression and associated fundamental rights such as privacy. It also offers policy recommendations on how intermediaries and states can improve respect for internet users’ right to freedom of expression.

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Institutional repository software comparison

The Guidelines to compare Institutional Repository Software have been published as part of UNESCO’s Open Access Strategy. The publication compares the features of the major platforms and is intended to help libraries focus on which features will help facilitate the success of their repository.

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Model Policy for Inclusive ICTs in Education of Persons with Disabilities

This model policy is part of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and Global Initiative for Inclusive Information and Communication Technologies (G3ict) joint efforts to facilitate the implementation of the UNCRPD. The main objective was to develop a model policy document to be used as a template to assist UNESCO Member States in promoting the effective use of inclusive ICTs in education for learners with disabilities, although it must be emphasised that the policy objectives and actions outlined in this document are equally applicable to any learners who are vulnerable to exclusion from any sector of education.

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World trends in freedom of expression and media development

World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development offers a new look at recent evolutions in media freedom, independence, pluralism and journalist safety. These areas are explored at the international level and with respect to gender and global media.

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EURid-UNESCO world report on IDN deployment 2013

For the third consecutive year, the EU domain name registry and UNESCO are jointly publishing the World Report, which analyses the uptake of Internationalised Domain Names and identifies gaps that need to be filled in order to facilitate this process. This is not only an academic study, but also a document which draws attention to shortfalls and then calls for appropriate actions. This report builds on the 2012 World Report on IDN Deployment, and the 2011 study “IDNs State of Play”.

Global media and information literacy assessment framework: country readiness and competencies

The UNESCO Global Media and Information Literacy Assessment Framework offers UNESCO Member States methodological guidance and practical tools throughout the assessment of country readiness and competencies, particularly of teachers in service and in training, regarding media and information literacy  at the national level.

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A Journey through Digital Society

This book invites you to a journey through digital society with the people that are making it happen, to discover a world that we don’t necessarily know: our own. Our world, whose limits and constraints sometimes frustrate us, can be seen in a better light here, as a wonderful, constantly renewed land to be explored, and a call to release the unlimited potential of the human spirit, innovation and creativity.

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Media and information literacy: policy and strategy guidelines

This comprehensive MIL Policy and Strategy Guidelines resource is the first of its kind to treat MIL as a composite concept, unifying information literacy and media literacy as well as considering the right to freedom of expression and access to information through ICTs. These guidelines offer a harmonized approach, which in turn enables all actors to articulate more sustained national MIL policies and strategies, describing both the process and content to be considered.

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Overview of information literacy resources worldwide

This collection of Information Literacy (IL) Resources from around the world is divided into 42 language lists and includes selected resources – from websites, books, journals and other kinds of publications – that were provided by contributors from different countries and institutions and compiled by Dr Forest Woody Horton Jr.

Renewing the knowledge societies vision for peace and sustainable development

If the goal of knowledge societies is to foster peace and sustainability, it is imperative that strategies for action ensure that decisions at all levels promote the integration of knowledge within people’s lives in ways to maximize the benefits and minimize harms. This is the spirit guiding this Report, which draws on multiple case studies, highlights lessons since the first World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) meeting in 2003, and sets out ideas for renewing UNESCO’s vision of knowledge societies.

UNESCO global report: opening new avenues for empowerment: ICTs to access information and knowledge for persons with disabilities

Building on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, this Global Report addresses strong recommendations to all stakeholders – from decision-makers to educators, civil society and industry – on how concretely to advance the rights of people living with disabilities. These recommendations draw on extensive research and consultations. Studies launched in five regions have allowed UNESCO to understand more clearly the conditions and challenges faced by persons with disabilities around the world.


EURid-UNESCO world report on IDN deployment 2012

This report provides an extraordinary and interesting examination of the uptake of Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs) in selected regions and countries in which Internet services are available. IDNs are an essential building block towards creating a truly multilingual Internet. The Domain Name System (DNS) has historically only supported a limited character set. Since 1996, the technical community has been developing the standards necessary to create domain names in all scripts, for all languages.

Global survey on internet privacy and freedom of expression

This publication seeks to identify the relationship between freedom of expression and Internet privacy, assessing where they support or compete with each other in different circumstances. The book maps out the issues in the current regulatory landscape of Internet privacy from the viewpoint of freedom of expression. It provides an overview of legal protection, self-regulatory guidelines, normative challenges, and case studies relating to the topic.

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Policy guidelines for the development and promotion of open access

UNESCO issued this publication to demystify the concept of Open Access (OA) and to provide concrete steps on putting relevant policies in place. Building capacities in Member States for Open Access is a necessary but not sufficient condition for promotion of the concept. Creating an enabling policy environment for OA is therefore a priority.


A Basic Guide to Open Educational Resources (OER)

This Guide comprises three sections. The first – a summary of the key issues – is presented in the form of a set of ‘Frequently Asked Questions’. Its purpose is to provide readers with a quick and user-friendly introduction to Open Educational Resources (OER) and some of the key issues to think about when exploring how to use OER most effectively.

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Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: the changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet

This report provides a new perspective on the social and political dynamics behind the threats to expression. It develops a conceptual framework on the ‘ecology of freedom of expression’ for discussing the broad context of policy and practice that should be taken into consideration in discussions of this issue.

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Guidelines for open educational resources (OER) in higher education

Open educational resources (OER) are materials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified, and shared. These Guidelines outline key issues and make suggestions for integrating OER into higher education.

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ICT for higher education: Case studies from Asia and the Pacific

With the support of the Japanese Funds-in-Trust, UNESCO initiated a research study on the use of ICT for higher education in the Asia and Pacific region. This publication highlights the results from case studies that investigated the use of ICT in three areas: open and distance learning; blended learning, and administration and management practices.

Information policies in Asia: development of indicators

The scope of information policy is broad. For the purposes of this report, information policy can be defined as the collection of policies and strategies that are designed to promote the development of a better-managed information society. These policies include, but extend beyond, those that are concerned with processes, management, promotion and use of information and communication technologies (ICTs).

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Internationalised Domain Names: State of play

Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs) have become strongly linked with Internet governance discussions on multilingualism. Of approximately 6 000 languages in the world, only 12 languages accounted for 98% of Internet web pages in 2008. English is the dominant language online. In collaboration with UNESCO, EURid (the .eu registry) presents this study on Internationalised Domain names (IDNs), which explains what an IDN is, gives a brief history and timeline of significant milestones and touches on the policy debate surrounding multilingualism on the Internet.

Media and information literacy curriculum for teachers

This Media and Information Literacy Curriculum for Teachers is an important resource for Member States in their continuing work towards achieving the objectives of the Grünwald Declaration (1982), the Alexandria Declaration (2005) and the UNESCO Paris Agenda (2007) – all related to MIL.

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UNESCO ICT Competency Framework for Teachers

Two decades after the first mainstream rollout of computers in schools many significant lessons about ICT in Education have been learnt. Yet, countries around the world face urgent challenges in this respect due to the rapid development of technologies, the required financial investments and the need to have a clear vision of the role that teachers have to play in harnessing the power of ICT in the classroom and beyond.


ICT transforming education: a regional guide

This Regional Guide grew out of a series of meetings of ICT experts convened by UNESCO’s Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education to explore pedagogy-technology integration. An outcome of these meetings was the publication of Regional Guidelines on Teacher Development for Pedagogy-Technology Integration (Working Draft) in 2005 under the editorship of Shyamal Majumdar.

The Police blogosphere in Brazil: from shooting to twitter

This publication is the first in-depth study about the most recent and relevant trend in journalistic reporting on police, criminality and security policies. The collection of information and the blogs’ analysis were done through an Internet survey answered by 73 police bloggers, authors of 70 blogs, between May and June 2009.

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Safeguarding the documentary heritage of humanity

In a world where emphasis is placed on speed, and where everything is becoming increasingly confused and hurried, we have to take the time to conserve the images of those things defining our roots, our past and our exis tence. To this end, in 1992, UNESCO launched the “Memory of the World” Programme.

Towards inclusive knowledge societies: a review of UNESCO's action in implementing the WSIS outcomes

This report reviews the UNESCO’s work in these implementation areas during the five years since the Tunis phase of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in 2005. It summarises some highlights of what has been achieved to date and reflects upon the challenges which have arisen in the implementation of WSIS outcomes.

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Digital archiving of audio content using WINISIS and Greenstone software: a manual for community radio managers

This publication is a self-instructional handbook aimed at helping managers of community radio stations, FM radio stations, public service broadcasting agencies and any other organizations that deal with audio files in creating prototype archives of digital audio documents.

Free and open source software: applications for education, culture and access to information

The guide Свободное программное обеспечение. Приложения для образования, культуры и доступа к информации has been produced by UNESCO’s Office in Almaty in the framework of its project ‘FOSS for Education, Culture and Access to Information’.

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Guidelines for broadcasters on promoting user-generated content and media and information literacy

For the first time guidelines have been published on how broadcasters around the world can encourage audiences to produce better quality user-generated content and to improve media and information literacy. The new guidelines will also enable the public to become more media and information literate.

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Open educational resources: conversations in cyberspace

UNESCO's its first openly licensed publication brings together the background papers and reports from the first three years of activities in the UNESCO OER Community. It is an indication of the commitment of the Organization to the sharing of knowledge and the free flow of ideas.

P@RENTS ! La parentalité à l’ère du numérique

This guide on the role of parents in the digital era was developed by the Moroccan National Observatory on Children’s Rights (ONDE), the UNESCO Office in Rabat and Microsoft Morocco. It provides advice on child cyber-protection to parents, teachers and people working with children.

Twelve years of measuring linguistic diversity in the Internet: balance and perspectives

Written by Daniel Pimienta, Daniel Prado and Alvaro Blanco, this publication is an update to the previous UNESCO study on this subject that was issued for the World Summit on the Information Society in 2005.

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