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Policies and Frameworks


© UNESCO/ Aline Henchoz
The development of an effective TVET system is at the heart of education reform efforts. The chosen system establishes a framework which influences such important matters as access to, and the quality of, TVET. These systems can be very complex and have many different faces. TVET can be part of secondary, post-secondary and higher education, and is often the prime responsibility of Ministries of Education or Ministries of Labour (or Employment or Social Affairs). While TVET can be part of the formal education system, it can also be taught informally in the workplace, and through non-formal means.

As part of Education for All (EFA), UNESCO-UNEVOC and its partners help UNESCO Member States develop TVET systems that best suit their particular needs and requirements.

The following major UNESCO conferences were standard-setting with regard to TVET:

Shanghai Consensus: Third International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (Shanghai, China, 14-16 May 2012) English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish

UNESCO International Experts Meeting Learning for Work, Citizenship and Sustainability ("Seoul+5", Bonn, Germany, 2004)

Second International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education / Final report (Seoul, Republic of Korea, 1999)

First International Congress on the Development and Improvement of Technical and Vocational Education (Berlin, German Democratic Republic, 1987)

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page date 2014-08-11

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