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☰ Bridging Innovation and Learning in TVET

Focus Themes: New Qualifications and Competencies | Greening | Digitalization | Entrepreneurship | Migration
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Migration and TVET


Migration is a complex phenomenon, as it has different drivers, such as employment, education, family reasons, displacement due to conflict, or environmental factors. The number of international migrants is growing faster than the world’s population and has reached 272 million in 2019, according to the UN DESA. The integration of migrants is a diverse challenge. Managing migration effectively can lower its costs for societies and lead to benefits for all involved by improving livelihoods, contributing to economic growth, filling local labour market shortages, and reducing inequalities.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognizes the immense contribution of well-managed migration to sustainable development.

TVET is expected to play a major role in integrating migrants into economy and society to maximize the benefits of migration. A main challenge for the effective integration of migrants through TVET relates to the recognition of prior learning and qualifications. Moreover, some migrants experience difficulties in accessing vocational education and training programmes due to administrative, legal, and language barriers encountered. In some cases, cultural barriers can have additional psychosocial effects on migrants that can affect their ability to integrate (University of Nottingham, 2019).

TVET response

With migration on the rise globally, TVET systems and institutions seek effective ways of fostering migrants’ labour market inclusion and providing them with tailored professional training. TVET also promotes social inclusion by addressing migrants’ vulnerability and preparing teachers, trainers and host communities for interaction with migrants.

The BILT Project provides TVET institutions with a platform to discuss effective solutions to support migrants’ integration into the workforce and society. These include mechanisms for the assessment and recognition of prior learning and qualifications, TVET with integrated language training, introduction of intercultural modules, career guidance, mentoring, psychological support services, and adaptation of TVET curricula and training regulations for use with migrant populations.

To learn more about successful responses to some migration-related challenges implemented by the institutions of the European UNEVOC Network and beyond, please consult the BILT Innovation and Learning practices and the BILT Workshop on Migration summary report.

BILT Innovation and Learning practices

Skills Centre for Migrants

Submitted by Omnia, Finland
Omnia’s Skills Centre for Migrants was developed by a multi-professional team representing various TVET stakeholders, including relevant government authorities, employment offices, and Espoo’s local municipality, to address a gap in services for ...

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Empleando Digital

Submitted by Fundación Secretariado Gitano, Spain
Technology is significantly changing the labour market. New professions require new skills and competencies, and traditional jobs are changing to include digital elements. In this context, people lacking the awareness of those changes and without acc ...

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Training with integrated language learning

Submitted by CFL Söderhamn, Sweden
In the surge of migrants and refugees that arrived in Europe starting in 2015, many of them came to Sweden to seek asylum and start a new life. One challenge that arose was frustration from the immigrants and the local labour markets regarding the am ...

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KATE Project

Submitted by Otavia, Finland
As Finland experiences a growing number of migrants and refugees, there is an increasing need for support to facilitate their integration into the workforce and society. KATE project offers a blended - online and face-to-face - service model that inc ...

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Submitted by Cometa, Italy
Migrant minors and young adults risk unemployment and social exclusion due to their low skilled profiles or difficulties in recognizing their prior learning and achievements. The MiniMaster initiative at Cometa Formazione aims to reduce the risk of s ...

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BILT thematic workshop - Migration and TVET

Summary report
This summary captures the key outcomes of the thematic BILT Workshop on ‘Migration and TVET’, held at University of Nottingham, United Kingdom, on 10-11 December 2019.

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Human migration and TVET

Discussion paper
In the context of increased international migration, the importance of education and training and a global governance of migration is widely acknowledged in academic and international development debates. This discussion paper looks at the relati ...

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Global Education Monitoring Report 2019

Migration, displacement and education: Building bridges, not walls
The 2019 Global Education Monitoring Report examines the education impact of migration and displacement across all population movements: within and across borders, voluntary and forced, for employment and education. It also reviews progress on educat ...

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